According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly 43 percent of individuals that are hospitalized after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a related disability the following year. These injuries may affect a wide range of issues, from cognitive function and motor function to sensation and emotion impairments.
When it comes to neurological damage, location is key. Where damage occurs in the brain determines whether an individual is susceptible to strokes, brain tumors and loss of various forms of functionality (Merck Manuals). For example, frontal lobe damage can decrease an individual’s control of motor skills, facial expressions and intellectual processes, while temporal lobe damage can hinder an individual’s ability to generate memories and emotions, comprehend sounds and images and store and retrieve long-term memories.
Source: Merck Manuals
Functional cognition impairments are common and can result from various causes, including: human genetics and/or development, neurologic diseases, injuries and disorders, mental illnesses or transient or continuing life stresses or changes (American Occupational Therapy Association).
AOTA also states, “Many medical conditions that impair functional cognition among adults 65 years and older are becoming more prevalent as the United States shifts toward having an increasingly older population.”
Brain injury symptoms include (Alzheimer’s Association):
- Blurry vision
- Nausea and vomiting
- Ringing in the ears
- Trouble speaking coherently
- Changes in emotions or sleep patterns
Now That’s A Wise Idea
Improve ease of living in your home for those who have encountered neurological damage with the following home modifications:
- Install grab bars near toilets and in showers.
- Convert tubs into barrier-free showers.
- Use lever handles on sinks and doors instead of turn knobs.
- Add a floor-to-ceiling super pole in the bedroom or bathroom for easier transfers.
- Install a stair lift or ramp near staircases.
- Replace high-pile carpeting with slip-resistant flooring.
- Add extra lighting near staircases and in bathrooms.
Ready to learn more? Register for our monthly CEU on “Botulinum Toxins: Treatment for Dystonia, Spasticity, and Other Conditions,” presented by Atul T. Patel, MD, MSHA on January 24 from 5:30 p.m. – 7:30 p.m.